Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir, Chief Minister of Punjab from November 1, 1966 to March 8, 1967, was a Punjabi writer. He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in Punjabi, given by Sahitya Akademi, India’s National Academy of Letters in 1978 for his short story collection, Urvar Par and was posthumously decorated with Padma Vibhushan, the second highest Indian civilian award given by Government of India.
Musafir was born in 1899 at Adhval in Campbellpore district of Punjab province in British India (presently Attock District of Punjab Province in Pakistan). In 1918, he became a teacher at Khalsa High School, Kallar. His four years there as a teacher earned him the epithet Giani, Musafir being the pseudonym he had adopted. In 1922, he gave up teaching and joined the Akali agitation for Gurdwara reform. For taking part in the Guru ka Bagh agitation in 1922, he underwent imprisonment.
He was appointed to the highest religious office of Sikhism Jathedar of Akal Takht in 1930.
He also served for a time as secretary of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee as well as general secretary of the Shiromani Akali Dal. He also courted arrest as part of Satyagraha and Quit India movements. In 1949, he became the President of the Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee. He held the office of the President for 12 years and was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952, 1957 and 1962, representing Amritsar constituency. In 1966, he resigned from the Lok Sabha and became the Chief Minister of Punjab state after its re-organisation. Musafir died in Delhi on January 18, 1976.
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