Chandigarh: The state government on Monday approved a Rs 25 crore project for implementation of Scaling-up Climate Resilient Agriculture Practices towards Climate Smart Villages in the state. The State Level Steering Committee, which met under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary, D S Dhesi here on Monday, approved the Detailed Project Report of this ambitious project. The Environment Department will be the Nodal Department for the implementation of the project and the project would be executed by Agriculture Department.
Climate Resilient Agriculture practices include all possible methods that are required to make agriculture production system more resilient to climate change. This project proposes to sustainably intensify crops and cropping systems in Haryana for enhancing and sustaining production at less cost by adopting climate resilient technologies, without deteriorating soil health while maintaining the flow of environmental services. The project will be implemented in northern part of Haryana and benefit 75,000 farmers.
It was observed that the areas are not equipped with water storage structures for agriculture resulting in low crop productivity and replacement of native climate adaptive crops with commercial crops. Further, farmers are also relying on ground water for fulfilling their water demand, leading to the reduction in ground water levels. These areas have also been selected based on availability of water for agriculture purpose, farms having nutrient imbalance, farmers implementing residue burning.
It was observed in the meeting that in order to adapt agriculture to increasing effects of climate variability and change, there is a need to transform traditional agricultural practices to more climate resilient agricultural practices. There are two agro climatic zones in the state. The north western part is suitable for Rice, Wheat, Vegetable and temperate fruits and the south western part is suitable for high quality agricultural produce including tropical fruits, exotic vegetables, herbal and medicinal plants (Source: Haryana SAPCC 2011). Haryana is extremely hot in summer with a temperature of around 45°C and mild in winter. The hottest months are May and June and the coldest December and January.
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