Immunisation : On the eve of Children’s day it will be justifiable to talk about India’s achievements and shortcomings on child health equity. Children’s Day honours the birthday of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who prioritised the social and economic needs of India’s children. He considered children to be the foundation of the our country. India has shown positive changes in relation to the child health over that past 15 years. India’s under-five mortality rate has reduced by more than half in the past two decades, at a rate faster than global improvements in child mortality. In 1990, 3.3 million Indian children under the age of five died, compared to 1.34 million in 2013. This has been possible only because of the combined efforts of the Indian government and our civil society. Since 2000, the Indian government has implemented cutting-edge child health schemes, such as the Balika Samriddhi Yojana programme, which provides grants to girls who delay giving birth at dangerously young ages. Civil society has also strengthened its voice in India’s child health equity movement.But have these numbers achieved the desired targets? Some of the most basic threats to India’s children are pneumonia and diarrhoea, which cause a quarter of child deaths in our country. Simple interventions such as access to clean water, sanitation, Oral Rehydration Solution, and timely immunisation can put an end to numerous deaths and suffering that these easily preventable diseases cause. But it is sad that vaccines which are basic need for every child fails to get them. India’s rich class have an easy access to these vaccines but child population from labor class fails to get them. The poor solely count on the government’s programmes and their outreach and if these immunisation interventions don’t reach them, their children are left unprotected and are victims to vaccine-preventable diseases.It is sad that something as simple and readily available as a vaccine is far from the reach of India’s children who need them the most. If children do not get their basic need so could it be said that our foundation is weak?
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