The Diwali festival is over and people rushed to their near hospitals with cases of respiratory illnesses as air quality of Delhi is at its worst level. According to doctors, breathing in the Capital’s toxic air is like smoking 50 cigarettes a day.
Experts say though the air quality is reportedly better than last year, the toxic pollutants levels are still the same- the only difference is visibility was improved this time.
The Supreme Court this month banned the sale of crackers in and around Delhi till November 1. The court had to take this step to prevent air pollution which made Delhi’s atmosphere deteriorated.
The pollutants which are a grave threat to residents are nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM2.5) and PM 10.
Global Burden of Disease study claimed, India accounts for a quarter of deaths caused worldwide by the two most chronic respiratory diseases: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma.
It stated that of 32 lakh deaths by COPD, 8 lakh happened in India. Of 4 lakh deaths caused by asthma, 1 lakh were in India. The findings of the study were published this week in the Lancet Respiratory Medicine Journal. Health experts suggest air pollution is one of the major risk factors.
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