National Energy Conservation Day is celebrated in India on 14th December to raise awareness about global warming and climate change and to encourage a conscious effort to save energy resources. Each individual should include energy conservation in their behaviour to make the energy conservation plan more efficient. The motto is to create awareness in public about the value of energy and how to save more energy.
The Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) carried out tremendous campaigns in 1978 by raising awareness that people can save crores of rupees from fossil fuels and other natural gas. From that point of view of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE); The Indian government body in 2001 determined that National Energy Conservation Day should be celebrated and promoted every year to raise awareness and to enhance the importance of energy and its conservation in India. Nowadays energy conservation is necessary all over world.
Energy Conservation’s exact meaning is to utilise the energy rationally by avoiding unnecessary use. We have a limited amount of non-renewable energy resources available on the earth, preserving energy from our current supply or using renewable resources is very important so that it is available for our future generations.
Energy use increased significantly in the last three decades due to strong economic growth and population expansion. India’s government charges 50% of total environmental energy tax or carbon tax to make energy conservation more effective. By this tax, imposed on high consumption of energy, the use of energy has decreased and increased awareness among users about the limited use of energy.
India is the fourth largest user of consuming non-renewable energy in the world; and is expected to overtake China as the primary source of growth in the global demand for energy in the next decade. A recent survey showed that India has several challenges to overcome to meet its growing demand for energy and sustain economic growth.
India’s government has pursued two-pronged approaches to ensure minimal CO2 emission growth so that global emissions do not result in irreversible damage to the earth’s system. On the other hand, the government is promoting greater use of renewable energy in the energy mix, primarily through solar and wind, while shifting to super-critical technologies for coal-based power plants. The Government is promoting greater use of renewable in the energy mix mainly through solar and wind and at the same time shifting towards supercritical technologies for coal based power plants.
As per the rational citizen of the country, we should be aware of utilising the non-renewable energy in such manner that it is conserved for our next generations. We should follow all the rules, regulations and policies implemented by the Government of India in order to support the energy efficiency. As an individual or community level if we really want to protect our environment from further damage then we must try to use minimum water and electricity consumption. These small steps will play a big role in conserving our ecosystem.
By Tripat Girdhar – Urban Planner, Chandigarh
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