Underlining the need to identify exceptional brains, noted Nobel Laureate Duncan Haldane said here on Friday that India should follow the example of China to reverse brain drain and progress of the country. �e Nobel Laureate especially emphasised that India would have to follow the example of China to reverse brain drain for which the key things were identifying excellent people i.e. intelligent brains and setting up of world class Centre of Excellence. “China was offering the great payoff to their people who were settled abroad for bringing them back home. India should also implement reversing brain drain schemes. If a few such Indians could come back from US, UK, Australia and other nations, it would yield good results,” he added. Duncan Haldane shared these thoughts to a query that how he viewed India’s performance in terms of science, technology and research competition in next ten to 15 years.
Nobel Laureate was here at Lovely Professional University (LPU), Phagwara, for 106th Indian Science Congress. A British-born physicist, he was known for Haldane pseudo-potentials in fractional quantum Hall effect. Haldane was the co-recipient of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics, along with David. J. �ouless and John Michael Kosterlitz. Further, he also said that China was investing more funds in innovation in science, technology and research as compared to India. “China was investing funds in new laboratories, material science and quantum initiation. It was important to have two things _ the spread of state universities and encourage building science groups in the country,” he said. Duncan also stated that all developing countries should have at least one place, where world class science and technology could be promoted. “India in particular was more focused on theoretical knowledge as compared to experimentation. Scientific culture should be promoted through leading institutions like the IITs, which teach a different school of thought,” he added. When asked if this was his maiden visit to India and what changes he witnessed in the past years, Duncan said that like China, India has changed in the past 20 years in South Asia. “I came to India in the 1980’s and all I could remember was bicycles all around. Today, it has more traffic,” he smiled. To a query that what he liked about India, Duncan thought for a second and said, “Interesting Country, Surprising Cultu
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