Guru Nanak Jayanti 2017: Guru Nanak Gurpurab, also known as Guru Nanak’s Prakash Utsav and Guru Nanak Jayanti, celebrates the birth of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. This is one of the most sacred festivals in Sikhi.The festivities in the Sikh religion revolve around the anniversaries of the 10 Sikh Gurus. These Gurus were responsible for shaping the beliefs of the Sikhs. Their birthdays, known as Gurpurab, are occasions for celebration and prayer among the Sikhs.
The word Gurpurab is made from two words Gur, which means the Guru or the master, and Purab, that comes from the Hindi word parv meaning day, so it is ‘the day associated with the guru’. Guru Nanak Gurpurab is the most sacred day in Sikhism and will be celebrated across India and the world on November 4, Saturday.
Two days prior to the festival, Akhand Path – a 48-hour non-stop reading of the holy book of the Sikhs, Guru Granth Sahib is held in the Gurdwaras. Guru Nanak Jayanti 2017 celebrated all over the world.
In Sikhism, the festivities during Guru Nanak Jayanti are centred on the birth anniversaries of the 10 gurus. Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth and the last Sikh Guru. After him, Adi Granth or Guru Granth Sahib which has the writings of the gurus is considered the guru.Guru Nanak was born on April 15, 1469 in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi in the present Pakistan, and the place is now called the Nankana Sahib. The date of the festival varies from year to year, according to the Indian lunar calendar. This year will mark the 548th birthday of Guru Nanak and is thus Guru Nanak Jayanti 2017.
He worked as a storekeeper in the granary of Daulat Khan Lodi in Sultanpur, where he came into contact with Mardana, a Muslim servant. Together they organised gatherings for Hindus and Muslims where they sang hymns to praise the creator.Guru Nanak was married at the age of 18 and also had two sons. The turning point in his life came at the age of 28, when he disappeared for three days and upon returning revealed that there is no Hindu and no Muslim, there is only one God who is formless and could be worshipped by any name. The constant remembrance of God, also refereed as naamsimran is the only way to liberation, he preached.
The celebration is generally similar for all Gurpurabs; only the hymns are different. The celebrations usually commence with Prabhat Pheris. Prabhat Pheris are early morning processions that begin at the Gurudwaras and proceed around the localities singing hymns. Generally two days before the birthday, Akhand Path is held in the Gurdwaras.