Ludhiana: Cardiologist of SPS Hospital Dr. Rajiv Garg has stated here on Wednesday that with over 3 million deaths owing to cardiovascular diseases every year, India is set to be the heart disease capital of the world in few years.
He added it is estimated that by 2020 cardiovascular disease will be the cause of over 40 per cent deaths in India as compared to 24 per cent in 1990. CVDs are expected to be the fastest growing chronic illness growing at 9.2% annually from 2000 onwards. A more worrying fact is that the incidence has gone up significantly for people between ages 25-69 to 24.8%. Heart diseases affect not just the urban and economically well-off but also the under-privileged.
Dr. Garg said the growth of heart diseases is dependent on a number of interlinked factors such as ageing, changing lifestyles, bad eating habits and rapidly evolving socio-economic determinants like urbanisation, poverty, ignorance and lack of access to healthcare facilities. In a study in India 79 per cent of men and 83 per cent of women were found to be physically inactive, while 51 per cent of men and 48 per cent of women were found to have high fat diets. Some 60 per cent of men and 57 per cent of women were found to have a low intake of fruit and vegetables, while 12 per cent of men and 0.5 per cent of women smoke.
Further, he said there is a low awareness and control rates of these risk factors. Of the general population with hypertension only about half are aware of their high blood pressure and only 25 per cent had adequate blood pressure control. This is in contrast to more than 75 per cent awareness in most high and middle-income countries. Regular monitoring of blood pressure with adequate control can significantly improve survival with reduction in morbidity and mortality. A 30- 45 minute brisk walk, or aerobic exercise is good for the heart.
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