Ludhiana:The Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) has released two new varieties of field crops namely PBW 725 of wheat and Punjab Celery 1 of celery for general cultivation in the Punjab state. During the meeting of State Variety Approval Committee, a thorough discussion on salient characteristics of these varieties was held before the release. The varieties were approved for general cultivation during this meeting, under the Chairmanship of Dr Jasbir Singh Bains, Director of Agriculture, Punjab.
The variety PBW 725 of bread wheat has been released for cultivation in the Punjab state under irrigated timely sown conditions. The variety possesses a combination of several desirable traits like high grain yield, resistance to yellow and brown rusts, and good grain quality. It is a double dwarf variety with an average plant height of 105 cm. Its ears are medium dense and tapering in shape with white smooth glumes. Its grains are amber, hard, medium bold and lustrous. It matures in about 154 days. Its average grain yield is 22.9 quintals per acre which is 7.6 per cent higher than that of the pre-dominant wheat variety.
The variety Punjab Celery 1 is the first celery variety developed by PAU and has been released for cultivation in the Punjab state. Its seeds are brown in colour with characteristic odour and pungent taste. These contain 1.9 per cent essential oil with a total oil content of 20.1 per cent. The variety starts bearing flowers in the month of March and matures in 140-150 days after transplanting. Its average seed yield is 4.46 quintals per acre.
Dr R.K. Gumber, Director of Research, PAU said that very positive feedback on new wheat variety PBW 725 was received from the farmers of the state during last crop season.
Dr R.S. Sidhu, Director of Extension Education, PAU, said that huge demand for seeds of this variety is expected during the forthcoming Kisan Melas in September. “PAU will try to distribute seed of this new variety to as many farmers as possible,” he added.
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